Back to Contents page



More than 50 family-group names have been proposed by various authors in attempts to subdivide this large sub-order (Bhatti, 1994). The consensus remains, however, that there is no good evidence that the 3000 species involved represent more than one major lineage, and this is most usefully reflected in the recognition of a single family, the Phlaeothripidae (Mound et al., 1980; Mound & Marullo, 1996).

Females and males of Tubulifera have the tenth abdominal segment forming a tube, with the genital opening at the base and the anus at the apex. The shape of the tube varies greatly, from a short swollen cone to an elongate slender tube. The ovipositor is an invaginated membranous chute-like structure, by which the eggs are deposited on the surface of the available substrate.

Chaetanaphothrips signipennis

Anisopilothrips venustulus

Desmothrips australis

Haplothrips aculeatus

Heterothrips arisaemae

Holarthrothrips indicus

Melanthrips ficalbii