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Chaetanaphothrips orchidii
Fig. 1


Fig. 2


Fig. 3


Fig. 4


Fig. 5


Fig. 6

Tergites 7-9

Fig. 7


Fig. 8



Fig. 1: Antenna (inset: IV. and V. antennal segment)
Fig. 2: Head dorsal with ocellar triangle
Fig. 3: Pronotum
Fig. 4: Meso- and metanotum
Fig. 5: Fore- and hindwing, base of fore wing with alula
Fig. 6: Tergites VII-IX
Fig. 7: Tergites VIII-X
Fig. 8: Tergites VIII-X

Taxonomic Information

Chaetanaphothrips orchidii (Moulton, 1907)

Anaphothrips orchidii Priesner, 1925
Taeniothrips orchidii
van Eecke, 1922
Euthrips marginemtorquens
Karny, 1914 
Physothrips orchidii Karny, 1912
Euthrips orchidii Moulton, 1907

Common name:
Orchid thrips,
Banana rust thrips

Present taxonomic position:
Family: Thripidae Stephens, 1829
Subfamily: Panchaetothripinae Bagnall, 1912
Genus: Chaetanaphothrips Priesner, 1926


Species Recognition

General information about the genus Chaetanaphothrips:
This genus contains individuals that are pale in color, some with dark markings on their wings and all with eight segmented antennae. There are only twenty species in this genus and most are found in Southeast Asia. All of the species in this genus contain large stipple-like areas on tergite VIII. There are four species in this genus that are considered pests and two are found more commonly and are included in this key.

Typical character states of Chaetanaphothrips orchidii:

Body color
Mainly pale or yellow, with some darker markings

Number of antennal segments: 8
Segment IV - forked sensorium: scarcely extending beyond base of segment V
Segments II and III shape: more or less symmetric
Segments III & IV sensoria: emergent and forked
Base of sensorium on antennal segment VI: no more than 2 times as wide as base of nearest seta
Terminal antennal segments: rarely elongate

Distance between bases of ocellar setae III: less than width of first ocellus
Head shape between compound eyes: not prolonged
Ocellar setae III on head: arising within ocellar triangle anterior to tangent of anterior margin of hind ocelli
Postocular setae I: absent
Surface of head, pronotum and fore legs: without strong reticulate sculpture

Number of pairs of elongate pronotal setae: 0-3
Number of pairs of elongate posteroangular pronotal setae: 2
Pronotum shape: rectangular
Number of pairs of pronotum posteromarginal minor setae: 2-3
Number of pairs of pronotum anteromarginal minor setae: 2-3

Mesothoracic endofurca: with median spinula

Metanotal median area sculptured lines: transverse at anterior, but with irregular equiangular reticulation near posterior
Metanotal median setae length: shorter than lateral metanotal setae
Metanotal median setae position: arising behind anterior margin
Metanotum: without campaniform sensilla
Metanotum major sclerite: with two major sclerites, metascutum and metascutellum
Metanotum median area: with at least some equiangular reticulation
Metanotum sculpture: without dominant sculptured triangle medially
Metathoracic endofurca: transverse, sometimes with simple median spinula

Wings: present and more than half as long as abdomen
First vein of forewing: distinct from costal vein
Forewing anterior margin: with setae and cilia but cilia longer than setae
Forewing color: alternating bands of dark and light
Forewing costal fringe of cilia: arising at anterior margin of wing
Forewing costal setae at middle of wing: shorter than median width of wing
Forewing first vein setal row: incomplete, with setae not closely and uniformly spaced
Forewing posterior margin cilia: undulated near apex
Forewing second vein setal row: incomplete, with setae not closely and uniformly spaced
Forewing surface: not reticulate
Forewings: with veins, setae and microtrichia

Fore tibial apex: not extending around fore tarsus
Mid and hind tarsi: with two segments

Abdominal pleurotergites:  not covered in microtrichia
Abdominal segment X: never tubular, longitudinally incomplete ventrally in both sexes
Abdominal sternite II: with 1 or 2 discal setae in addition to marginal setae
Abdominal sternite III of female: without glandular areas
Abdominal sternite VII median marginal setae: arising in front of margin
Abdominal sternites IV , V and VI: with marginal setae but no discal setae
Number of lateral marginal setae on abdominal tergite II: 3
Abdominal tergites: without curved wing-retaining setae
Abdominal tergites IV & V median setal pair: much shorter than distance between their bases
Abdominal tergites V-VII: without paired ctenidia, sometimes with irregular microtrichia
Markings on tergites IV to VI: with no shaded areas on tergites and antecostal ridges
Setae on abdominal tergite X: slender
Surface of lateral thirds of abdominal tergites: without regular rows of fine microtrichia
Ctenidia on tergite VIII: not present, but groups of microtrichia
Tergite VIII posteromarginal comb of microtrichia: absent or present laterally, incomplete medially



Life history:
Males are unknown. Females lay an average of 80-100 eggs and the life cycle from egg to adult lasts about one month dependent upon temperature and can extend throughout the year in greenhouses (Pelikan, 1954). 

Host plants:
Anthurium, orchids, banana, citrus

Vector capacity:
None identified

Current known distribution:
Tropical regions worldwide

Additional notes:
Chaetanaphothrips (species undetermined) have been intercepted at U.S. ports of entry. Thrips feeding results in russeted patches 'banana rust' on banana plants and fruit and this type of damage can be found on other fruits as well (Childers, 1997). Young leaves and floral buds on Anthurium, orchids and citrus become streaked with white and distorted. Scaring of citrus fruit from thrips feeding is also a problem in citrus growing regions.


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